ABC:2 Samuel 23

From BibleStrength

Verse 8

The ReasonProject lists the following as a Bible contradiction with the headline "How many men did the chief of David's captains kill?"[1]

There are two very likely answers to this problem.

Solution 1: Later Account

As pointed out by Bill Fortenberry, the lists were actually composed at two different times, so Bill suggests that 2 Samuel 23 is just a case of beating one's own record, as it were, surpassing his previous feat in battle

Solution 2: Two Different Individuals

Another solution, and in my opinion the more likely one, is that there are two different individuals being referred to. 1 Chronicles 11:11 specifically mentions Jashobeam the Hachmonite as the one who slays 300, and does not even mention Adino until v. 42 as "Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a captain of the Reubenites, and thirty with him."

However, 2 Samuel 23:8 specifically says the 800 were slain by Adino, not Jashobeam. Confusion may be caused by the phrase "chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite" but it is just saying that Adino was also one of the captains like Jashobeam, not that they were one and the same.

There are actually two groups of three mentioned between the chapters. There are "three mighties", captains of the armies, Jashobeam, Adino, and Eleazar. (1 Chr. 11:10-19,42; 2 Samuel 23:8-17) There is a lesser group of three, apparently David's personal guard, Shammah/Shammoth, Abishai, and Benaiah. (1 Chronicles 11:20-25,27; 2 Samuel 23:11-12, 20-23)


  1. Marlow, Andy (2009). Contradictions in the Bible. Project Reason.
  2. Fortenberry, Bill (2014, January 16). Bible Contradiction: II Samuel 23 vs. I Chronicles 11. Increasing Learning.