School Shootings

From BibleStrength

The following is a research page seeking to analyze the causes of school shootings, which will merge in information from this Wikipedia page to list historic cases of shootings. While cases may also be merged in from these pages[1][2], cases will not be included unless targeting civilians generally rather than in the context of personal duels or gang disputes.

While there are early cases of shootings in schools, prior to 1966 they typically involved one-on-one disputes between students, teachers, or parents, rather than reckless terrorist attacks targeting people indiscriminately.


There was never a school shooting in U.S. history prior to 1966, and the only other shootings other than two in 1966 were committed by law enforcement (four cases) until 1974. The first elementary school shooting occurred in 1979 which was followed by another in 1984 and two more in 1988.


I hypothesize that there is a link between school shootings and their depiction/glorification in the media, or more broadly depiction of massacres in general. Texas Chainsaw Massacre was released in 1974 which perfectly correlates to an increase in massacre prevalence.

The only two school massacres that occurred prior to 1974 were in 1966, aside from four perpetrated by U.S. law enforcement, following which massacres steadily became commonplace. As such, this page will also document media releases that encouraged/glorified massacres, especially school massacres, in examining a potential link between the two.

List of School Shootings

Date Location Dead Injured Total Description
May 24, 2022 Uvalde, Texas 22[n 1] 18 40 Robb Elementary School shooting: Nineteen children and three adults were killed and multiple people were hospitalized.[1]
November 30, 2021 Oxford, Michigan 4 7 11 Oxford High School shooting: A shooter opened fire on students, killing three and wounding seven students and a teacher before being arrested. One of the injured died afterwards.[2]
November 14, 2019 Santa Clarita, California 3[n 1] 3 6 Saugus High School shooting: Two people were killed and three others were injured. The gunman then eventually committed suicide.
May 7, 2019 Highlands Ranch, Colorado 1 8 9 STEM School Highlands Ranch shooting: A school shooting was reported at STEM School Highlands Ranch, around 1:50 p.m, two shooters targeted separate locations and killed one student and injured eight more before being arrested.[3]
April 30, 2019 Charlotte, North Carolina 2 4 6 University of North Carolina at Charlotte shooting: Six people were shot, two fatally, on the last day of classes at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The student gunman was taken into custody after he ran out of ammunition.[4]
Template:Dts Santa Fe, Texas 10 14[n 1] 24 Santa Fe High School shooting: A student at Santa Fe High School shot and killed 10 people and wounded 14 others. Explosive devices were also found, but they were not detonated. The suspect was taken into custody by police.[5]
Template:Dts Parkland, Florida 17 17 34 Stoneman Douglas High School shooting: A former student of Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School entered the school, killed 17 people, and wounded 17 others. He was taken into custody by police.[6][7]
Template:Dts Benton, Kentucky 2 16 18 Marshall County High School shooting: A fifteen-year-old student killed two other students and injured sixteen others before discarding his weapon and attempting to hide among other students. He was apprehended by police.[8]
Template:Dts Aztec, New Mexico 3[n 1] 0 3 Aztec High School shooting: A man walked into Aztec High School disguised as a student and killed two before killing himself.
Template:Dts, 2017 Tehama County, California 6[n 1] 12 18 Rancho Tehama Reserve shootings: A man killed his wife and hid her body under the floorboards of their home before killing two neighbors, firing at random at people, and then ramming his truck through the gates of an elementary school and firing at those inside. He then drove away and targeted other random victims before being rammed by police and shooting himself. He killed five people and injured twelve others (some with bullet wounds, others were injured by flying glass) before committing suicide.[9]
Template:Dts San Bernardino, California 3[n 1] 1 4 North Park Elementary School shooting: A man entered an elementary school, telling school administrators he needed to drop something off for his wife. He entered the classroom where she was teaching and killed her, also killing a student and wounding another who were standing nearby. He then killed himself.[10]
Template:Dts Townville, South Carolina 2 3 5 Townville Elementary School shooting: A fourteen-year-old shot and killed his father before driving to the local elementary school and injuring three students and a teacher. One student later died of his injuries. The shooter was later arrested.[11]
Template:Dts Mukilteo, Washington 3 1 4 2016 Mukilteo shooting: A student at the University of Washington killed three people and injured one other in a shooting at a party. One of the people he killed was his ex-girlfriend. The shooter was arrested and sentenced to life in prison.[12]
Template:Dts Flagstaff, Arizona 1 3 4 Northern Arizona University shooting: A freshman at Northern Arizona University shot four students, killing one.[13]
Template:Dts Roseburg, Oregon 10[n 1] 8 18 Umpqua Community College shooting: A student at Umpqua Community College killed nine people and injured eight others on the college campus. After being wounded by police officers, he killed himself.[14]
Template:Dts Portland, Oregon 0 4 4 Rosemary Anderson High School shooting: A perpetrator shot and injured three students and an adult outside of the school.[15]
Template:Dts Marysville, Washington 5[n 1] 1 6 Marysville Pilchuck High School shooting: A fifteen-year-old killed four people and injured one other in the cafeteria of Marysville Pilchuck High School before killing himself.[16]
Template:Dts Isla Vista, California 7[n 1][n 2] 13[n 3] 20 2014 Isla Vista killings: Several hours after stabbing and killing his three roommates, a man drove to a sorority house near the University of California, Santa Barbara and knocked on the door. After receiving no answer, he began shooting at people nearby, killing two members of another sorority and injuring a third. He then returned to his car and continued to shoot at random people from within his vehicle before killing himself with a gunshot.[17] The attack is believed to have been motivated by the killer's hatred of women and frustration with his dating and family life.[18]
Template:Dts Santa Monica, California 6[n 1] 5 11 2013 Santa Monica shooting: A man killed two people in a residence before lighting it on fire. He continued to shoot at people while moving towards Santa Monica College, then attempted to carjack a passing vehicle. After firing rounds at a passing bus, he ran into the college library and continued shooting. He killed five people and injured five others before being killed by police.[19]
December 14, 2012 Newtown, Connecticut 28[n 1] 2 30 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting: A 20-year old killed his mother before shooting and killing twenty children and six adults at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. He then committed suicide.
April 2, 2012 Oakland, California 7 3 10 Oikos University shooting: A former student opened fire in a classroom and fatally shot seven people, leaving three wounded.
February 27, 2012 Chardon, Ohio 3 3 6 Chardon High School shooting: A seventeen-year-old entered Chardon High School and fired at students sitting in the cafeteria killing three and wounded three others before being arrested.
February 12, 2010 Huntsville, Alabama 3 3 6 University of Alabama in Huntsville shooting: A biology professor opened fire on other faculty members, killing three and injuring three others, before she was arrested.
February 14, 2008 DeKalb, Illinois 6[n 1] 21 27 Northern Illinois University shooting: A former graduate student entered a lecture hall and opened fire, killing five people and wounding twenty-one before committing suicide.
October 2, 2006 Bart Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania 6[n 1] 5 11 West Nickel Mines School shooting: A man took hostages in an Amish schoolhouse, and killed five schoolgirls and injured five others before committing suicide.
April 14, 2003 New Orleans, Louisiana 1 3 4 John McDonogh High School shooting: Two perpetrators opened fire in the school gymnasium and killed one student and wounded three others.[20]
January 16, 2002 Grundy, Virginia 3 3 6 Appalachian School of Law shooting: A former student opened fire after a meeting with a professor in the offices of the dean of students and a professor, killing them and a student and injured three other students before he was subdued by a Marine veteran.[21]
March 5, 2001 Santee, California 2 13 15 Santana High School shooting: A 15-year-old student entered a boys bathroom and shot another student then left and began to fire widely, another student was killed and thirteen were injured.[22]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 2[n 4] 0 58-year-old Director of the Division of Pathology of the University of Washington Medical Center, Rodger C. Haggitt, was shot dead by 42-year-old Taiwanese immigrant, and then U.S. citizen, Jian Chen, who had just completed his second year of forensic pathology residency training, and had been notified of his contract non-renewal (which Chen wrote would dishonor his family). Chen went on to commit suicide.[23] In 2001 the Rodger C. Haggitt Gastrointestinal Pathology Society was named in memory of Dr. Haggitt.
April 20, 1999 Columbine, Colorado 15[n 1] 24 39 Columbine High School massacre: Two students from the school shot and killed twelve classmates and a teacher before committing suicide.
May 21, 1998 Springfield, Oregon 4 25 29 Thurston High School shooting: An expelled student targeted his parents and the school and killed four people and injured twenty-five others before being arrested.
April 24, 1998 Edinboro, Pennsylvania 1 4 5 Parker Middle School dance shooting: A 14-year-old student opened fire and fatally shot a teacher and injured another and two students during an 8th grade dance, before being arrested.[24]
March 24, 1998 Craighead County, Arkansas 5 10 15 Westside Middle School shooting: Two students aged 11 and 13, shot and killed four students and a teacher and injured ten others before being arrested.
December 1, 1997 West Paducah, Kentucky 3 5 8 Heath High School shooting: A 14-year-old student opened fire on a group of students praying before the school opened, killing three and injuring five before surrendering.[25]
October 1, 1997 Pearl, Mississippi 3 7 10 Pearl High School shooting: The perpetrator shot and killed his mother, then drove to the high school and shot and killed two students and injured seven before being arrested.
February 19, 1997 Bethel, Alaska 2 2 4 Bethel Regional High School shooting: A student shot and killed two people and wounded two others before surrendering to police. He was reportedly assisted by several students in learning how to shoot, and many knew about the shooting plans in advance.
February 2, 1996 Moses Lake, Washington 3 1 4 Frontier Middle School shooting: A student shot and killed a teacher and two students and wounded another before being arrested.[26]
November 7, 1994 Wickliffe, Ohio 1 3 4 Wickliffe Middle School shooting: A 37-year-old former student entered the building and shot and killed the custodian and wounded three other adults before he was arrested.[27]
December 14, 1992 Great Barrington, Massachusetts 2 4 6 Bard College shooting: The perpetrator had been stockpiling ammunition and weapons in his dorm, and after several alarms had been raised by third parties, he opened fire and killed a professor and student and wounded four others.[28]
May 1, 1992 Olivehurst, California 4 10 14 Lindhurst High School Shooting and Hostage Situation (1992): A 20-year old past student opened fire on a classroom and killed four people, wounded ten others, and held eighty people hostage during an eight-hour siege before he surrendered.
November 1, 1991 Iowa City, Iowa 6[n 1] 1 7 University of Iowa shooting: A former graduate student attended a meeting for a research group before opening fire and killied five individuals and injured one before committing suicide.
January 17, 1989 Stockton, California 6[n 1] 32 38 Cleveland Elementary School shooting: A drifter used a semi-automatic rife to kill five children and wound thirty-two other students and teachers on the school playground before committing suicide.
September 26, 1988 Greenwood, South Carolina 2 9 11 Oakland Elementary School shooting: The perpetrator shot and killed two eight-year-old students and wounded nine others (seven students, a teacher, and a gym coach) in the school's cafeteria and a classroom before being arrested. He was sentenced to death.
May 20, 1988 Winnetka, Illinois 2[n 1] 6 8 Attacks by Laurie Dann: The perpetrator entered the Hubbard Woods Elementary School and killed one student and wounded five others before entering a home and holding the inhabitants hostage before committing suicide.
October 18, 1985 Detroit, Michigan 0 6 6 Murray-Wright High School shooting: During half-time at a football game, the perpetrator opened fire with a shotgun on individuals that he had earlier fought with and wounded six.
February 24, 1984 Los Angeles, California 3[n 1] 12 15 49th Street Elementary School shooting: The perpetrator fired on children in a school playground from his home across the street, and killed two individuals and injured twelve others before committing suicide.
January 29, 1979 San Diego, California 2 9 11 Cleveland Elementary School shooting: A 16-year-old girl who lived across the street shot and killed two people and injured nine others before being arrested.
July 12, 1976 Fullerton, California 7 2 9 California State University, Fullerton, shooting: A custodian at the university killed seven people and wounded two others before fleeing the school. He was arrested.
December 30, 1974 Olean, New York 3 11 14 Olean High School shooting: A student locked himself in a third floor room before shooting out the window, killing three people and injuring eleven before being subdued with tear gas and arrested.
May 15, 1970 Jackson, Mississippi 2 12 14 Jackson State University shooting: After responding to the university due to a growing unrest, officers opened fire on a dorm building and two students (one from a local high school) were killed and twelve were injured.
May 4, 1970 Kent, Ohio 4 9 13 Kent State shootings: During a protest of the bombing of Cambodia at the university, members of the Ohio National Guard opened fire, killing four and injuring nine people.
May 21–25, 1969 Greensboro, North Carolina 2 27 29 1969 Greensboro uprising: Student protestors, police officers and members of the National Guard exchanged gunfire on the campuses of James B. Dudley High School and North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, due to civil rights issues. Two were killed and twenty-seven injured.[29]
February 8, 1968 Orangeburg, South Carolina 3 27 30 South Carolina State University shooting: After responding to the scene of about 200 protestors protesting racial segregation, after an officer was assaulted, officers began to shoot into the crowd; three people were killed and twenty-seven injured.
November 12, 1966 Mesa, Arizona 5 2 7 Rose-Mar College of Beauty shooting: A gunman inspired by other mass murderers held seven women at gunpoint at a cosmetology college, including two babies, before fatally shooting five of them and wounding two.
August 1, 1966 Austin, Texas 17[n 1][n 4] 31 48 University of Texas tower shooting: A student and former Marine sharpshooter killed his wife and mother before using the University of Texas clock tower as a sniper's nest to kill 15 people, including a pregnant woman, and wound 31 before being killed by police.
Template:Dts Template:Sort 2 0 John Glover broke into the schoolhouse, where he killed a girl and fatally wounded a boy. A mob tracked and killed Glover Template:Convert in Indianola (now Naylor, Georgia).[30]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 0 2+ 70-year-old James Foster fired a shotgun at a group of students in the playground of St. Mary's Parochial School, causing minor injuries to several of the students.[31]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 0 14 During a school exhibition and concert at the Parson Hill schoolhouse, an unknown gunman fired a double-barreled shotgun into the mixed audience, made up of black and white students, parents and teachers. Fourteen people were wounded, some seriously.[32]

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